benefits of education in ancient greece

In the US a common slogan in education-funding conflicts is ‘If you think education is expensive, try ignorance!’. From the origin of education in the Homeric and the Aristocratic tradition, Greek education infinitely democratized in the 5th century BC. They learned how to read and write, but those skills were not considered very important except for messages. The state benefits from having a well-educated workforce, the church benefits from the opportunity to foster religion in children, and parents benefit from their children becoming respectable and productive members of society, able to help elderly parents rather than having to be supported by them. And why should they be? Greek music was influenced by music from other cultures as well. The Spartan king Agesilaus once said that what matters in education is that children must learn the skills they will use when they grow up, and that saying has been constantly quoted by education experts from his day to ours. The ancient Greeks and the importance of education, Programme Snapshots | Too Much Information, The essence of being human – you’ve got to be joking, In this guest post Eleanor Dickey FBA, Professor of Classics at the University of Reading, reflects on the lessons that the education systems of Ancient Greece might hold for modern democracies. Aphrodite 8. Spartan girls went to school to learn to be warriors. In all the Greek years old. Girls were not educated at school, but many learned to read and write at home, in the comfort of their courtyard. the expense of getting to and from Greece if you own a home there and don’t live in a nearby country (or a country with good air connections). Greek students can complete their secondary level studies in 12 years. They were taught how to steal and lie and get away with it. Education was an essential component of a person’s identity in ancient Greece, and the type of education a person received was based strongly in one’s social class, the culture of one’s polis, and the opinion of one’s culture on what education should include. Its fame, however, comes not only from the fact that it seems intuitively true but also from the fact that no known education system seems to follow it. He highlights ancient Greece, early Rome, various periods in England, the early medieval Middle East, pre-Civil War America, and sectors of modern-day Japan as examples of societies where two things have simultaneously flourished: free-market education and cultural advancement. There were two forms of education in Ancient Greece: formal and informal. Zeus 2. The importance and depth of meaning that athletics and athletic competition held for Greeks in the ancient world is difficult to overestimate. Their school was not as brutal, but all girls in ancient Sparta could wrestle and fist fight and handle a weapon. An Overview of Music Education in the Ancient World 1. The style of life was different in the different states of Greece. how to cook and sew and run a household. Education in Sparta was completely different. The Greeks had their own 24-letter alphabet. In Athens, for example, Athena 3. The basic ideas of a well-rounded, holistic, or humanistic approach to education can be traced back to ancient Greece and its philosophers. Although the scientific basis for the indispensability of regular exercise for health and well-being is a relatively recent development, knowledge of this fundamental link dates back to the ancient Greeks. No great works of art came out of Sparta. Arguably the problem is not that a few people were well educated, but that most people were not well educated. If the members of the assembly had all studied rhetorical techniques themselves they would not have been so easily influenced by them, and if they had studied some other subjects as well they could have made better practical decisions. Not really; it’s perfectly reasonable for a state to do what it can to ensure that children grow up able to be productive citizens able to make a contribution to the state as a whole. Besides, the women might have to defend the city if the men were away at war. Top of the social tree were the ‘best people’, the aristoi. Education was very different in Sparta than it was in the other ancient Greek city-states. Perhaps they would have made bad decisions even without well-educated demagogues, because realistically it is difficult to make good decisions when you lack the necessary background information. Artemis 11. If their mother could read and write, they One example of their legacy is the Olympic Games. Training was vastly different depending on your social standing and gender. : a day of activities based around a recreated ancient classroom at the University of Reading on 19 November. Two physicians by the names of Hippocrates (460-370 B.C.) From left to right: Greek schools, and a Spartan School. Its fame, however, comes not only from the fact that it seems intuitively true but also from the fact that no known education system seems to follow it. Plato (428-348 B.C.) Not only does everyone who ever uses a doctor, a dentist, a lawyer, or any other educated professional benefit from the widespread education available in the UK, but we all benefit from the fact that despite being a democracy the UK does not have the tendency to destroy itself that Athens did. the lyre. Hephaistos 13. But most of the other Greek city-states wanted Sparta on their side. Daily Life (Interactive with answers). Experiencing Ancient Education is just one of many activities during Being Human which connects cutting edge research in the humanities to issues shaping our everyday lives. The renewed appreciation for human life, which evolved during the Renaissance, created an environment which was ready for the widespread development of physical education throughout Europe. But Sparta did not want illiterate, unmusical, boorish warriors, and therefore the state training included instruction in reading, writing, literature, and music in addition to the more obviously military pursuits. These skills could save their life someday. They were often beaten. was up to their parents to arrange and pay for. by their mothers. They learned to play a musical instrument, usually the flute or Physical education didn't begin to be taught in schools in the United States until the 1800s, when gymnastics first formed part of some schools' curriculum. The state benefits from having a well-educated workforce, the church benefits from the opportunity to foster religion in children, and parents benefit from their children becoming respectable and productive members of society, able to help elderly parents rather than having to be supported by them. The purpose of education in Sparta was to produce and maintain a powerful army. A ready-made social life: College can be a daunting proposition for a shy freshman, but Greek life … Polytheistic Greek religion encompassed a myriad of gods, each representing a certain facet of the human condition, and even abstract ideas such as justice and wisdom could have their own personification. Any training that Athenian children received in reading, writing, literature, music, etc. Although music had a prominent place in ancient Greek education, graphic arts such as drawing were not usually part of lesson plans. In Ancient Greece, there were many city-states. Two of the most well-known are Athens and Sparta. Ancient Greece Greeks arrived to the Mediterranean area around 1000 B.C. These ideas will inform. the situation was very different. For the most of Greece, the purpose of education was to produce good citizens. If they cried, they were beaten, literature, science, math, and politics. Boys learned to write on pieces of clay and wax tablets, which they could use again and again by smoothing the surface over. , education consisted primarily of military training: a Spartan citizen needed to be courageous, strong, skilled in warfare, and highly obedient, so that was what Spartan education produced. Part of the reason has to be that providers of education, the people who pay for it or mandate it and therefore determine what their money will pay for or what will count towards their requirements, are not completely disinterested themselves. School programs, primarily in ancient Greece, had previously recognized the necessity for curriculums involving physical education. Hermes 6. Is there anything wrong with this situation? I only hope we can manage to remember this, and continue to avoid acting like the Athenians! The purpose of this paper is to discuss the Athenian views of music and music education as these are presented in the works of the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and … Firstly, in most Greek states only boys had the privilege of attending school. Pericles, Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece. Children were trained in music, art, Hades 12. Hera 7. 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